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DYOR Crypto Wiki

Basics

  • Based in:
  • Started in: 2017
  • Mainnet release: Is preparing for Mainnet in Q3/Q4 2019 (planned timeframe as on 7-2019)
  • Solana claims to be a scalable smart contract blockchain that utilizes proof of history to verify the ordering and passage of time between events.
  • Lied (27-5-2020) about it's supply being twice as small as actually was the case. A response, in which the team admits to not having been open about the situation can be read here (28-4-2021).

History

  • From their blog (30-7-2019):

"Solana was conceived in 2017 when its founder Anatoly Yakovenko sought out a way for a decentralized network of nodes to match the performance of a single node. Achieving this is Solana’s north star."

"Solana, the company, is the open-source project building the Solana protocol. The company was founded in 2017 by former members of Qualcomm's engineering team."

"IP/internet around the world is really flaky and a huge PIA to deal with. Once we got off test cloud deployments all hell broke loose and we had to rebuild the network stack."

Audits & Exploits

  • Bug bounty program can be found [insert here].
  • "Audited (13-10-2020) by a Fortune 500-preferred security firm. Iron-clad immutability for global scale."

Bugs/Exploits

"At 12:11 UTC, the validator community noticed the transaction spike and network slowdown. The community took steps to help the network recover, but were unsuccessful. These transactions flooded a system known as the forwarder queue, causing the memory used by this queue to grow without limits. The transactions that were encoded into blocks were resource-heavy to process. The combination of the unbounded growth of the forwarder queues and resource-heavy blocks caused block producers to automatically propose a number of forks. The validator processes started to run out of memory and crash, and upon restart the validators were unable to process all the proposed forks in time to catch back up with the rest of the network.

Once the situation was diagnosed, the community proposed a hard fork of the network from the last confirmed slot, which requires at least 80% of active stake to come to consensus. Over the next 14 hours, engineers from across the globe worked together to write code to mitigate the issue, and coordinate an upgrade-and-restart of the network among 1000+ validators. The validator network restored full functionality at 05:30 UTC, under 18 hours after the network stalled."

"Solana hit a roadblock on Tuesday when the network shut down due to overwhelming transaction volumes. Solana was ultimately offline for nearly 18 hours before validators were able to successfully restart the decentralized network. It’s unclear whether “full functionality” has been restored at this time. Solscan shows transactions processed less than a minute ago, as of this writing, but has displayed longer lag times over the past hour.

“Solana Mainnet Beta encountered a large increase in transaction load which peaked at 400,000 [transactions per second],” the statement reads. “These transactions flooded the transaction processing queue, and the lack of prioritization of network-critical messaging caused the network to start forking. This forking led to excessive memory consumption, causing some nodes to go offline.”"

"On September 14, the protocol suffered an error and at the time of writing, the chain stopped for a total of four hours so far, as the outage is still ongoing. “With transactions being filtered out, and failing commits, and validators need to upgrade and deploy… Will take about 24-48 hrs to fix,” the Twitter account called ‘bruce.codes’ explained."

"A error in Solana's mainnet beta prevented block confirmations. The Solana team quickly asked its validators to restart the network. The blockchain was offline for approximately six hours. Before the reboot was executed, the Solana team waited for validators representing 80% of all staked SOL tokens to reach an agreement on the state of the network."

Governance

  • As of 7-2021, there are no clear governance plans, besides SOL being used for it in the future.

Admin Keys

DAO

Treasury

Token

Launch

  • Had a private sale on 30-7-2019 which collected $20M in funding.

Token allocation

  1. "Seed sale 16.23%
  2. Founding sale 12.92%
  3. Validator sale 5.18%
  4. Strategic sale 1.88%
  5. CoinList auction sale 1.64%
  6. Team tokens comprise 12.79% of the total token supply.
  7. Foundation tokens comprise 10.46% of the total token supply.
  8. Community tokens comprise 38.89% of the total token supply.

Utility

  • From Binance Research (23-5-2020):
  1. "Staking: Solana is in the process of enabling inflation rewards for staking the SOL token in exchange for powering and supporting the network.
  2. Transaction fees: users can use the SOL token to pay for simple token transactions and smart-contract executions on the network.
  3. Governance: the SOL token will be used in governance voting in the future."

Solana uses a delegated-Proof-of-Stake consensus algorithm that incentivizes token holders to validate transactions. As part of Solana's security design, all fees will be paid in SOL and will be burnt, reducing total supply. This deflationary mechanism to SOL supply incentivizes more token holders to stake, which results in increased network security."

"Sol tokens are used to pay Solana node-clusters as a fee for processing and validating on-chain programs or transactions."

Token Details

  • From Messari (15-10-2020):

"Fractional sols are called lamports in honor of Turing Award winner Leslie Lamport. A lamport is equal to approximately 0.0000000000582 sol."

  • Lied about it's token cap. From an angry blog (27-5-2020):

“Around the last week of April 2020, News broke around the community that a third party managed to find a unlocked Solana Wallet containing 13m tokens. About 5m more than the circulating supply of 8,258,354 tokens Solana has advertised before its launch on Binance April 10th, 2020. Once Solana was exposed, the team went into full damage control mode. On April 28th 2020, Yakovenko finally issued a medium post admitting that the circulating supply was actually more than double than what they originally stated. Yakovenko went on to explain that there was a previously hidden 11,365,067 tokens, which was a loan to their contracted Market Maker. The official circulating supply count was a staggering 19,715,661, a number figure that they flat out avoided using until recently. They made sure to carefully word it by separating the two line items without giving the grand total.

Ladies and Gentlemen, the fix is in! On Saturday May, 23rd 2020, Solana announced on a Medium post that they only retrieved ◎3,365,067 $SOL tokens out of the ◎11,365,067 they loaned out to their Market Maker. In order to make up for the other 8m tokens they committed to burn, they released 8m tokens into circulation with out any previous announcement to the community, totally reneging on their April 28th, 2020 Medium Post. The original commitment was to remove ◎11,365,067 tokens FROM THE MARKET AND THAT THERE WAS NO PLANS TO INTRODUCE MORE TOKENS TO THE MARKET AND ANY PLANS WOULD BE PUBLICLY BEFORE HAND. Not only did they outright lie to everyone twice, they waited to a Saturday of a holiday weekend to dump the news. A strategy that PR Firms use to bury unflattering news while most people are not paying attention.

The new circulating supply total is now ◎16,350,594, not ◎8,258,354 that every $SOL holder was expecting for since late April. The Solana team ran a month long con on its community. The excuses you hear now is “It’s the best we could do.” or that “The Total Circulating Supply is in accordance to the Binance article”. They are bullshitting so badly, that their team can’t even stay on the same page when questioned about the circulating supply scam.”

  • A response, in which the team admits to not having been open about the situation can be read here (28-4-2021).

SPL tokens

  • Has its own equivalent of ERC20 tokens. This program defines a common implementation for Fungible and Non Fungible tokens.

Stablecoin 

  • The USDC stablecoin will be (21-10-2020) available on the Solana blockchain.

Coin Distribution

"Solana staking is seemingly well distributed — The top 20 validators account for 130M SOL, but after that, the validator share is fairly evenly distributed among the remaining 546 addresses."

48% of the total token supply went to VCs and insiders.

Tech

  • Whitepaper can be found here (as of 15-10-2020).
  • Code can be viewed here.
  • Programming language used: Solana will be built with a LLVM front end, which means that any language supported by LLVM will be available to developers. The full suite of supported languages will be rolled out progressively, starting with C and C++. However, Rust will be the flagship language for Solana smart contract development.
  • Move is also possible (13-10-2020).

Transaction Details

  • Capacity (TPS):  Its testnet consisted of a network of 200 physically distinct nodes which support a sustained throughput of more than 50,000 TPS. “Solana is measured to have approximately 60,000 transactions per second, with 400ms block times.”
  • From Rekt (13-9-2021):

"The network claims to have a potential capacity of 50,000 TPS, though at present the Solana Beach dashboard shows much lower numbers. With an average block time at 0.56s over a one hour period, and approximately 2,000 transactions per second, the throughput is currently much higher than that of the Ethereum network, which has around 30 TPS.

However, on Solana, the majority of these transactions come from the validation network itself, as the design requires that all validation communications have to pass through mainnet."

 How it works

  • According to its website, Solana is built on top of 8 building blocks, which they call 'innovations':
  1. "Proof of History (PoH); a clock before consensus
  2. Tower BFT; a PoH-optimized verson of PBFT
  3. Turbine; a block propagation protocol
  4. Gulf Stream; mempool-less transaction forwarding protocol
  5. Sealevel; world's first parallel smart contracts run-time
  6. Pipeline; transaction processing unit for validation
  7. Cloudbreak; horizontally-scaled accounts database
  8. Archivers; distributed ledger storage"

"The protocol’s architecture combines Proof-of-History (PoH) and a customized Avalanche communication design to scale transaction throughput and time to finality (i.e., settlement time). At a high level, PoH enables network nodes to trust the submission time and order of transactions without needing to correspond with other nodes, and Avalanche is a method of organizing data flow through a network of validators. This transaction communication system works independently of Solana’s Proof-of-Stake (PoS) consensus mechanism but is designed to help consensus participants (validators) process the ledger more efficiently."

  • Solana uses Proof of Stake (PoS) as its consensus mechanism. PoH allows Solana nodes to process the ledger optimistically, i.e. in terms of the CAP theorem Solana is an availability preferring system, and by leveraging validator vote lockouts that increase exponentially in time, Solana’s economic finality grows probabilistically with ledger depth.
  • Is openly against scaling through sharding: "We don’t believe in compromising security. Solana takes existing blockchain architecture and algorithms and improves on them instead of overlaying additional complexities such as sharding. We believe in it so much that we named our podcast #nosharding." 

"A high-throughput blockchain that relies on a concept called optimistic concurrency control, which assumes that transactions generally don’t conflict with each other. The project describes several other key features of its technology on Medium."

Proof of History

"In short: communication overhead. Since Proof of History (PoH) provides a trustless sense of time and ordering of messages, network nodes can trust the relative message times that they receive in the PoH broadcast without having to communicate with all the other nodes in the network. For many distributed networks, the time to finality (the guarantee that past transactions on a digital ledger are legitimate and will not change) scales as the square or even the cube of the number of nodes in the system due to the necessity to confer with other network participants on message ordering.

Because of our Proof of History implementation and our Avalanche communication design, Solana blockchain’s time to finality scales with the logarithm of the number of nodes. This translates into a high throughput network that can support tens of thousands of nodes, while retaining sub-second confirmation times."

Avalanche:

"Avalanche is a method of organising the network data flow. The generator (leader) is at the top of the pyramid, with validators at each level below it. And for every additional level below the generator, the number of validators doubles.

This enables Solana to scale their finality times logarithmically or log(n), where ‘n’ is the number of nodes. Typically, finality times on traditional gossip protocols scale at n squared, which means the finality times suffer exponentially as nodes increase on the network. However with Avalanche, the opposite occurs on Solana, thus supporting greater decentralization of nodes, while maintaining sub-second finality times."

Proof of Replication (PoRep):

"Proof of Replication (PoRep) is a proof of storage protocol. And in our blockchain, it’s used for increasing availability, making it unnecessary for all nodes in the entire network to store the full ledger. It achieves this by ensuring that each bit of data has been replicated to it’s own uniquely dedicated physical storage node(s).

In practical terms, it essentially allows the network to prove that a node you don’t trust is using its resources to store a segment of the ledger. This generates a torrent like network, where no single node is holding the full ledger, but a copy is always available on demand."

On ASIC's while using Proof-of-History

"Isn’t every CPU different, and some much faster then others? How do you actually trust that “time” as it’s generated by our SHA256 loop is accurate?

This topic deserves its own article, but long story short is that we don’t much care if some CPUs are faster then others, and if an ASIC can be faster then the CPUs available to the network. The most important thing is that there is a finite bound on how much faster an ASIC can get.

We are using SHA256, and thanks to Bitcoin there has been significant research in making this cryptographic hash function fast. This function is impossible to speed up by using a larger die area, like a Look Up Table, or unrolling it without impact to clock speed. Both Intel and AMD are releasing consumer chips that can do a full round of SHA256 in 1.75 cycles.

Because of this, we have pretty good certainty that a custom ASIC will not be 100x faster, let alone 1000x, and most likely will be within 30% of what is available to the network. We can construct protocols that exploit this bound and only allow an attacker a very limited, easily detected and short lived opportunity for a denial of service attack."

Fee mechanisms

Upgrades

Staking

"Solana’s networks are permissionless and therefore anyone can begin running a validator node at any time. Registration and KYC are only required to receive compensation from the Solana Foundation until a time when inflation and network rewards might be enabled. Please note that U.S. entities and individuals are not eligible to receive compensation at this time."

"Validator Yield Throttling — Yield throttling is the programmatic reduction of staking rewards (validator-level yield) for all stake above a threshold stake amount which is determined by a target amount of censorship resistance on the network."

Validator Stats

  • Says it has 179 validators (15-10-2020). Update (2-1-2021): over 350.
  • Chorus One have been (21-2-2020) building a high availability validator for Solana StrongGate with funding from the Solana team.
  • According to Our Network (2-4-2021), Solana has 566 validators now (5-4-2021); "Total stake on Solana has reached 300M SOL. At the current price of $19.10 this equals ~$5.7B staked. 56M of stake is set at a 100% commission and 18M at zero. The vast majority of stake is concentrated at a 5-10% commission for the validator."
  • From Our Network (15-5-2021): "There are now over 600 validator nodes in the network."

Liquidity Mining

Scaling

Different Implementations

Interoperability

"Solana has launched Wormhole, a bridge platform that connects to Ethereum and adds support for ETH and ERC-20 tokens."

  • Wormhole, which connects Terra, Ethereum, BSC and Solana has gone live (10-8-2021):

"Wormhole’s 19 validators check if an asset is locked up on Chain A so that a copy of it can move freely on Chain B."

Other Details 

Oracle Method

"Together with Chainlink, Solana intends to develop a high frequency Oracle that can be used for trading binary options. One that is capable of price updates every 400ms with Solana’s architecture, with developers building DeFi assets and marketplaces using this platform."

  • Chainlink price oracles went live ( 26-8-2021).
  • The state of Solana's oracles as of 9-2021 can be read here.
  • Pyth is used as an oracle system on Solana, it created some issues when it released bad pricing data, effecting several Solana programs (22-9-2021).

Privacy Method

"Solana’s networks are permissionless and therefore anyone can begin running a validator node at any time. Registration and KYC are only required to receive compensation from the Solana Foundation until a time when inflation and network rewards might be enabled. Please note that U.S. entities and individuals are not eligible to receive compensation at this time."

Their Other Projects

Roadmap

  • Can be found [Insert link here].
  • A roadmap can be read (16-10-2020) on Binance Research, which claims all milestones were on time. However, Solana already announced it would have a mainnet ready before the end of 2018 and then the end of 2019, so it has had delays.
  • Wants to get into cloud storage and web services in the future.

Usage

  • From their 2020 year end review (2-1-2021):

"Over 100 project integrations spanning DeFi, Blockchain Gaming, and Web3 verticals, 8.3 billion transactions on-chain and counting, 4.9 million unique SOL wallets, 600,000+ global advocates and community members."

"TVL on Solana hit $1.6B earlier this week, on the back of massive growth (+700%) since the beginning of April. Leading the charge was Raydium, which peaked at above $1B in TVL — and newer dapps are showing even more rapid growth trajectories. Solfarm, a yield aggregator, hit $100MM in TVL within days of launch."

Projects that use or built on it

  • As of 15-10-2020 it had 14 projects building on it, according to its own website.
  • Around 80 projects (14-4-2021) build on Solana (some are multi-chain). You can check the Solasystem here (3-5-2012).
  • Akash; "Akash is integrating (15-10-2020) their serverless supercloud infrastructure into Solana to allow users to easily deploy powerful and low cost servers to run nodes or to scale their application."
  • Anchor; "Anchor is a savings protocol that aims (15-10-2020) to produce a simple and convenient savings product with broad appeal to everyday users."
  • Arweave; "Arweave and Solana partnered (15-10-2020) to provide a decentralised permanent data storage solution of ledger data, ensuring the data can be always retrieved as required."
  • Audio; From CoinDesk (29-10-2020):

"Audius announced Thursday it will migrate its content management system over to Solana’s high-speed blockchain from an Ethereum sidechain operated by the POA Network that runs on a set of trusted validators. Staking and governance functionality will remain on Ethereum. Audius expects the migration to happen in three phases, wrapping up in the second quarter of 2021." Audius is being backed by the Multicoin, which also backs Solana and FTX.

  • BadgerDAO; planning to deploy (17-3-2021)
  • Big Data Protocol (BDP); (3-2021) had Alameda whale farming a couple of days before dumping again and then getting a bug.
  • Bonfida; a DEX (15-12-2020).
  • Civic; "Civic has partnered (15-10-2020) with Solana to integrate their decentralised identity solution. The solution is targeted at providing low-cost, scalable identity management in emerging economies that lack the infrastructure."
  • Chainlink, is developing an oracle on top of Solana (15-10-2020).
  • Cope; From TheTie (25-5-2021): "Cope is a project created by legendary dev Cyrii, and it enables traders to rank their performance and view other traders’ performance in an index based on their Cope score. Cope won the Community Choice Prize in the Solana x Serum DeFi Hackathon, voted by the community."
  • dFuse; "dFuse is implementing (15-10-2020) their API solution into Solana to allow developers to build and maintain performant applications with ease on top of the protocol."
  • DODO; has plans to launch on Solana (16-6-2021).
  • Hummingbot; "Hummingbot is working together (15-10-2020) with Solana to integrate their Liquidity Mining solution so that miners/traders can earn fees by providing liquidity to Solana across various exchanges."
  • Hxro
  • FTX. From Crypto Briefing (27-7-2020):

"FTX is building a DEX, Serum, on the Solana blockchain with the help of partners like Kyber Network and Multicoin Capital. Serum is cross-chain comptaible, giving it access to liquidity on DeFi dApps on Ethereum. The DEX will run on a central limit orderbook, but will still operate in a trustless manner."

  • Kin moved to Solana from it's own fork of Stellar (22-5-2020). "The Solana Foundation would actually pay the Kin Foundation for making this move, however, awarding it with up to 1% of the supply of SOL (roughly $6 million at today’s prices), with 0.1% unlocking for each new 1 million active users that join over a 24-month period. "
  • LunaDEX; officially launched on Solana (18-12-2020).
  • Magic; "Magic is integrating (15-10-2020) their SDK into Solana to provide easy-to-use alternatives to web3 wallets (i.e. MetaMask) for end-users and developers."
  • Mango Markets; decentralized trading platform that enables cross-margin trading.
  • The Media Network (2-1-2021).
  • Oxygen, a DeFi prime brokerage protocol built on Serum got announced (18-12-2020).
  • Predix (2-1-2021).
  • Pocket; "Pocket will be integrating (15-10-2020) with Solana to help enable primitives for a new, censorship-resistant web3 stack by providing 100% redundant infrastructure for users."
  • Raydium; DEX
  • SenSwap (2-1-2021).
  • Serum Swap AMM
  • Solanaroll (2-1-2021).
  • Solible (2-1-2021).
  • Solstarter; a launchpad for Solana (4-2021).
  • SOL Surviver; launched on Mainnet providing an on-chain street fighter style game on Solana (18-12-2020).
  • SPL Name Service, built by Bonfida (7-5-2021).
  • Stardust; "Stardust is a blockchain SaaS offering that enables game publishers to easily create and implement (15-10-2020) blockchain assets into their games."
  • Step Finance; dashboard for Solana.
  • Terra; "Terra is building (15-10-2020) a high speed token bridge to Solana, enabling the hyperfast transaction of Terra stablecoins on all of Solana’s Dapps."
  • Tether will be integrated (9-9-2020).
  • Torus Network; From this blog (10-11-2020):

"The Torus Network is supported by a collective of validator nodes run by Binance, Ethersacne, ENS, Tendermint, and other ecosystem stakeholders. The solution they offer is blockchain agnostic since they believe an improved developer experience/user experience should be accessible for everyone.

The collaboration with Solana will focus on bringing the web OAuth user onboarding experience to all developers looking to build Solana applications, giving them access to seamless key management, where they have full control over their login user onboarding wallet system to suit their users’ needs."

Competition

  • Other L1 protocols and mainly Eth-killers.

Pros and Cons

Pros

  • Claims to be scalable.

"Inexpensive execution: transactions costs on the network are estimated to cost 10 USD for 1 million transactions."

Cons

Team, Funding, partners

Team

  • "comprised of pioneering technologists from Qualcomm, Intel, Netscape, and Google"
  • According to their website (15-10-2020) some of the team members also come from Microsoft, Apple, Twitter, Dropbox, General Catalyst, Omada and Cern.
  • Anatoly Yakovenko; CEO "Anatoly is the creator of Solana. He led development of operating systems at Qualcomm, distributed systems at Mesosphere, and compression at Dropbox. He holds 2 patents for high performance Operating Systems protocols, was a core kernel developer for BREW which powered every CDMA flip phone (100m+ devices), and led development of tech that made Project Tango (VR/AR) possible on Qualcomm phones."
  • Greg Fitzgerald; CTO, "Greg is the principal architect of Solana. Formerly of Qualcomm's Office of the Chief Scientist, Greg has explored the full landscape of embedded systems. He created a bidirectional RPC bridge between C and Lua for the BREW operating system, helped launch the ARM backend for the LLVM compiler toolchain, and published a variety of open source projects including a streaming LLVM optimizer in Haskell, license analysis tooling in Python, and a reactive web framework in TypeScript. If you have time to burn, ask him "Why Rust?" We dare you."
  • Raj Gokal; COO "Raj leads operations, product, and finance. He has spent 10 years in product management and finance. He was a venture investor at General Catalyst, started the consumer medical device company Sano which attracted over $20m in investment, and led product management at Omada Health as it grew tenfold."
  • Eric Williams; Chief Scientist, "Eric heads data science and token economics. He studied particle physics at Berkeley and received his PhD from Columbia while Higgs hunting at CERN. He completed a postdoc in Medical Physics at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center and later led data science at Omada Health."
  • Andrew Hyde; Community
  • Chorus One have been (21-2-2020) building a high availability validator for Solana StrongGate with funding from the Solana team.
  • Hsin-Ju Chuang; former head of growth
  • Tamar Menteshashvili

Funding

  • Pre-launch funding (7-5-2020) $25.6M
  • Raised $20 million in a Series A round led by Multicoin Capital, with participation from Distributed GlobalBlocktower CapitalFoundation CapitalBlockchange VCSlow VenturesNEO Global CapitalPassport Capital and Rockaway Ventures.
  • On their website (15-10-2020) the following are mentioned as investers: Multicoin, Foundation Capital, 500, SLOW, Abstract, Blocktower Capital, NGC Capital, Rockaway Ventures and CMCC Global.
  • On why Multicoin invested: "Solana is the closest thing to the ‘world computer’ blockchain developers conceptualized in the early days of crypto,” explains Kyle Samani, Cofounder and Managing Partner of Multicoin Capital. “While many developers have proposed sharding solutions for scaling existing layer 1 solutions, all of those solutions introduce a tremendous amount of complexity and create new user experience problems. Solana has done it differently — and is one of the most compelling layer 1 platforms we’ve evaluated to date. We’re very proud to lead this round, and we encourage developers everywhere to take a serious look at Solana.”

"As of writing, Solana has used approximately 11.79MM USD (46.12%) of token sale funds, according to the allocations below:

  1. 3.00% Partnerships.
  2. 3.00% Marketing.
  3. 35.00% Team.
  4. 35.00% Development.
  5. 12.00% Professional Services & Legal.
  6. 3.00% Taxes.
  7. 6.00% Office Rent.
  8. 3.00% Others.

Community tokens are held by the Swiss Foundation, which is run by an independent board. This token pool is used for bounties, incentives programs, marketing, and grants. Tokens held by the Foundation are held in Coinbase Custody, on hardware wallets, and in cold storage. The team stores all of its funds in an USD bank account."

"Exchanges OKEx and MXC will be investing $40M to help catalyze the development of a DeFi ecosystem on Solana."

"Five strategic investment funds totaling $100 million have launched in a bid to accelerate the growth and development of key projects in Solana’s blockchain ecosystem. The funds are each bringing $20 million in investment to boost growth and development for Solana in the Chinese region. Three funds from crypto exchange Huobi; Gate.io’s investment arm, Gate Labs; and crypto investment firm NGC Ventures have each contributed $20 million."

  • From CoinDesk (9-6-2021):

"Solana Labs has raised $314 million in a token sale from Andresseen Horowitz and Polychain Capital led the private token sale with participation from CMS Holdings, Coinfund, ParaFi and Alameda Research. Blockchange Ventures, CoinShares, Collab Currency, Memetic Capital, Sino Global Capital and Jump Trading also joined the round."

"Since March, ecosystem funds have deployed over $3,900,000 in 33 projects building on Solana"

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